Home Health Thyroid conditions, factors causing and caring

Thyroid conditions, factors causing and caring


The lack or excess of iodine in the body can become a cause for the appearance of multiple health complications. Referring to the performed visits, doctors suggest that diseases that affect the thyroid gland are numerous in our country as well.

The thyroid cavity is located at the front of the neck, the shape of each similar to the wings of a butterfly. This gland is responsible for the production of thyroid hormones, which have a significant impact on all body tissues by helping increase cell activity. Good body metabolism refers to normal thyroid function.

Dashamir Gjergji, an endocrinologist at the Central Polyclinic of Specialties in an interview for the Day, says the flattest complications affecting the thyroid gland, as well as the care and examination advice to be followed to handle them on time.

What are thyroid glands and what is their impact on the body?

The thyroid gland is the biggest gland of the endocrine system despite it weighing 15-20 gr to an adult individual, the importance of this condition is extraordinary. The thyroid gland is responsible for mental and physical development both during the embryonic period and at other stages of life. If a man is born without the thyroid gland is 100 percent sure that there will be severe mental retardation or otherwise called “cretinism.”

Also, the progress of physical development almost does not continue in normal conditions and is rarely incompatible with life. The thyroid gland is like a minifabric that processes iodine, where iodine is mainly obtained through food, water, etc., and after it enters the body is absorbed by thyroid gland, which processes iodine and later produces Iodine-based hormones.

By analogy it can be like an olive oil plant that processes olives and delivers olive oil. Two are the main iodine-based hormones that produce thyroid which are known as T4 and T3. To carry out the process of iodine processing and production of these hormones, it is essential that the thyroid gland is stimulated by another pituitary gland called the pituitary gland, which produces the thyroid hormone stimulus hormone. The doses of these hormones are of very small molecular weight, but as I said, they have a very high body weight.

Who are known to be causes that affect the thyroid gland malfunction?

Causes that may affect the appearance of problems with the normal functioning of this condition are the most varied. As I said above, the malfunctioning of these glands may come as a result of iodine deficiency in food, physical fatigue, psychological stress. While other causes may be genetic defects, infections, side effects of drugs that can be used to cure other diseases.

Tumor enlargement may be a symptom of any illness. Magnification can be general or in the form of junctions. Usually, the unhealthy thyroid produces high or low hormones. Excessive production is called hyperthyroidism, while retail production, hypothyroidism. Depending on these forms, as well as the individual characteristics of the patient, the treatment is to be followed by the patient.

Few of the above mentioned two most common forms that affect the thyroid gland. Focusing specifically on an ill iodine that produces iodine, what are the symptoms that can guide a patient to seek medical help?

All diseases affecting the thyroid gland sooner or later affect its function and when this function is disrupted, we are dealing with function-type reduction or function increase functions, for convenience the reader would consider a minor iodine and iodine excess.

When we have few iodine, the sick are generally lazy, tired, sleepy, apathetic, crying fast, all the time bored, depressed, on the other hand have weight gain, slow heartbeat, skin and dry hair, constipation, bone disorders etc.

But in cases where the thyroid produces more than one?

It is quite different in the case of patients who have excess iodine, these are very active, they are walking fast, they think quickly, speak quickly, they are all the time hasty, a characteristic of these patients is heat intolerance, which means Sick are wearing thin all the time, have rapid heartbeats, sweaty sweats, weight loss, and other specific disorders.

How prevalent are these diseases in our country and where do we find them most often?

Both the iodine and iodine deficits are very common as diseases in our population, this is related to the iodine deficiency in certain areas, as well as to the genetic and family factors. I should remind you that Albania remains an area with natural iodine deficits, especially in mountainous areas, whose inhabitants often suffer from these diseases. So take care of the thyroid, check in time with natural iodine with food and supplements according to the doctor’s order. For this you have to keep in mind the condition that you control regularly, so that tomorrow you will not have any consequences from this small mission gland and great functions for our body.

What are the most vulnerable ages and categories?

Thyroid diseases can occur at any age, but the most common are after the 5th decade of life. We can say that there is a preference to affect more female sex than that male. The figures reported by examinations and visits conducted indicate that women are 3-4 times more often affected than men. While we can not say that there is no single factor affecting this prevalence, many things are still unclear about why women are more affected than males from this disease.

What about the treatment of these diseases ?

Thyroid gland disorders are very difficult to treat and especially when they appear in childhood or during pregnancy. Thyroid diseases if not timely diagnosed and if not treated at the right time, pose a serious threat to the lives of these patients. This is because the agitation of the disease passes into aggravated forms, leaving serious consequences on health. Because of the importance that this gland has to the body, if it does not function properly, its aggravation leads to the appearance of numerous problems that hinder the work of other organs.

What are the examinations that can help the patient to detect diseases that affect thyroid gland time?

Some simple examinations such as ultrasound, hormonal analysis, shintigraphy, elastography etc. are required to diagnose thyroid disease. Depending on the problem displayed, it is also recommended to conduct an analysis or examination. Thus, when tests show that the thyroid has low activity, it is usually recommended to find antibodies that attack the mast. While in cases where the thyroid has high activity, a shintigraphy (an examination using radioactive iodine) is usually provided, provided that the patient is not pregnant or nursing the baby. When the node is detected, a biopsy may be needed in the thyroid to make sure it is not a malignant measure.

How much is the daily amount of iodine that should not be missing in our body?

In conclusion every normal person should have a diet rich in iodine, not less than 100-150 ml / iodine Iodine per day. This amount ensures a good functioning of the thyroid gland and all other iodine effects in the body. For the sick, it is advisable to go to the doctor in time to not neglect the tests required, to receive medications regularly and above all to be aware of the high risk of these diseases.

The medical treatment that the patient should follow is recommended only after having performed a visit to the specialist doctor who is responsible for following the patient’s effective treatments depending on the complication displayed.

What advice would you recommend to your patients that they may be able to restrain all these disturbances that excite the thyroid gland as early as possible?

Care in patients who have problems with normal thyroid gland functioning should be maximum. These patients should ensure that the amount of iodine that is given to the body is below adequate levels. For this you have to be careful with the food you take, which should have the right amount of iodine.

Under these conditions, it is necessary to give many benefits to the consumption of sea products, and to take walks along the sea to suck the iodine.Meanwhile, the amount of iodine in vegetables and flesh varies depending on the chemical composition of the soil. To compensate for the lack of this element in food, artificially iodine may be added to the salt of the dish.

At the same time important for the thyroid gland is Seleni, which can be obtained from the consumption of vegetables, meat, milk etc. Regarding additive supplements that the patient needs to take to ensure proper iodine doses in the body, we should bear in mind that in any case respect the recommendations given by the specialist doctor as only in this form will we save the complications , while the disease gets the most appropriate and efficient treatment.

Iodine Minor Symptoms

Patients are constantly tired

They are lazy and sleepy

All the time they are bored, they cry often

They have slow heartbeat

Skin and dry hair

Bone disorders


Symptoms of iodine excess

Patients are very active

Walk and talk too fast

They are all the time hasty

Suffer the feeling of heat

Have rapid heartbeat

Many sweats

They fall short of weight and so on

Damage caused by iodine deficiency

A poor iodine diet is one of the causes of late psychic development, as well as brain distortion. An important sign of the disease caused by the lack of iodine is the appearance on the neck below the gut of a skin mass corresponding to the enlargement of a part or all of the gland called thyroid. The lack of iodine in food is a common phenomenon that occurs in areas off the sea. In fact this disease is very common in mountainous areas. Fish and sea food protects against this disease. Recently it became clear that a very useful way to prevent this disease is the use (if possible) of a type of salt to which iodine is added and which is called iodized salt. While treating it, it is necessary for the person to go to the doctor as soon as the masses appear on the neck.

Diagnosing malignant cases in QSUT

Advanced thyroid complex diagnoses, which until recently received treatment only at out-of-home clinics, already receive responses and specialized services at the University Hospital Center “Mother Teresa”. Two plumbing rooms are now in operation at this center, where high doses of iodine 131 can be treated in malignant thyroid pathologies. To date, following the surgical intervention of total thyrotoctomy and treatment with ablative doses up to 30 mCi I-131 patients were recommended further treatment abroad, with the opening of these two chambers patients are now receiving treatment at QSUT. According to the statistics of this service at QSUT over 100 is the number of patients receiving this specialized service in cases of malignant diseases that affect the thyroid.With the installation of “gamma spectrum”, at the Nuclear Medicine Center at QSUT it was possible to perform all shintigraphic examinations for all organs including and heart, a previously unexamined examination. Shinigram skeleton, thyroid kidney examinations are performed in a much better quality than before, creating early diagnosis of many pathologies, as well as examinations for unplanned parathyroidism previously.


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